The Art Tatum-Ben Webster Quartet

Webster’s languid tenor and Tatum’s lightning-fast piano might seem incompatible but they work together wonderfully well

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Here are two major figures in the history of jazz, and this album serves as a contrast of styles. Tatum, the great piano virtuoso, recorded a huge amount of solo sessions for Norman Granz in the 1950s, but also a number with small groups, one of the highlights being this, with the warm and deceptively relaxed style of Ben Webster.

Unlike Tatum, Webster shows great economy, never playing any more notes than needed, and you’d think the two incompatible – Webster’s languid tenor and Tatum’s lightning fast piano – but it works wonderfully.

All the tracks are at an easy pace, except the lively Night And Day, Tatum racing up and down the keys, Webster gliding through the changes with a glimpse of his more forceful side. Most have extended introductions by Tatum, giving a taste of the melody plus embellishments before Webster enters, leisurely.

Tatum could take any style and drop it into the mix effortlessly, as shown on the trio track I Guess I’ll Have To Change My Plan (a bonus track, previously issued on Pablo’s Group Masterpieces Vol. 6) which touches on stride, swing and blues, with his arpeggios veering into modernity. He paraphrases the melody on Gone With The Wind, stating it indirectly, and both he and Webster work around it skilfully.

My One And Only Love sends shivers down the spine, Webster infusing a whispering, lingering intimacy, whilst his breathy sensuality is a feature of Where And When.

Another bonus track, In A Sentimental Mood, sees Tatum with Roy Eldridge, an alternate take from their recording sessions for Clef the previous year, and issued on the CD version of The Art Tatum Group Masterpieces. Eldridge’s bluesy horn is appropriately muted to accommodate a subtler approach than his usual fiery delivery. Highly recommended.

Discography
(1) All The Things You Are; My One And Only Love; My Ideal; (2) I Guess I’ll Have To Change My Plan; (1) Gone With The Wind; Have You Met Miss Jones?; Night And Day; Where Or When; (3) In A Sentimental Mood (50.51)
Tatum (p); Webster (ts); Red Callender (b); Bill Douglass (d). Los Angeles, 11 September 1956. (2) omit Webster, Douglass, add Jo Jones (d). LA, 27 January 1956. (3) Tatum (p); Roy Eldridge (t); John Simmons (b); Alvin Stoller (d). LA, March 1955.
20th Century Masterworks 350223